South Australia is the southern central part of the country, along the Southern Ocean. South Australia is a land of generally low relief with the inland area largely covered by plains, sand and gibber deserts. The summers are hot and dry with relatively mild nights and cool winters, most rainfall occur during May to August.
About 42 per cent of Australia's vineyards are in South Australia and most of the grapes are used for wine making, with a small proportion used for dried fruit. Agriculture consists of the raising of barley and grapes and of wheat, oats, and rye. Livestock are grazed in the northern plains. There are valuable mineral deposits in the state; iron ore, salt, and gypsum are mined, and coal and natural gas are exploited. Industry developed rapidly during and after World War II; the chief products are industrial metals and transportation equipment.
The most popular tourist attraction in the area is Australia's oldest surviving German settlement, Hahndorf. The town was settled in 1839 by Prussian and East German immigrants, and today is a flourishing community that attracts visitors from all over the world. They come to admire the many historic buildings and enjoy legendary hospitality.
Adelaide is a charming and attractive city with a style all its own and is South Australia's capital. It is compact enough to walk around in an hour or two and is snuggled between gently rolling hills and the sea. Adelaide has wide, attractive streets, extensive parklands and many fine restored Victorian and Edwardian buildings. The city's main shopping center is Australia's most flourishing mall where buskers and other entertainers daily create a carnival atmosphere. Adelaide's Central Market is a great place to go. Among the noisy, colorful atmosphere and wondrous smells are fruit and vegetable stores and a large selection of meat and fish along with gourmet specialties introduced by the immigrants who call Adelaide their home.
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